Ms. Gokturk

Trends in Literature

 

Significance of Names in The Matrix

 

Zion   Audio pronunciation of "zion" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (zn) also Sion (sn) n.

  1.  
    1. The historic land of Israel as a symbol of the Jewish people.
    2. The Jewish people; Israel.
  2. A place or religious community regarded as sacredly devoted to God.
  3. An idealized, harmonious community; utopia.

[Middle English Sion, from Old English, from Late Latin Sin, from Greek Sein, from Hebrew iyyn. See wy2 in Semitic Roots.]
zion

n 1: originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'" [syn: Zion, Sion] 2: Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine [syn: Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion] 3: an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal [syn: Utopia, Zion, Sion]

sunny; height, one of the eminences on which Jerusalem was built. It was
surrounded on all sides, except the north, by deep valleys, that of the
Tyropoeon (q.v.) separating it from Moriah (q.v.), which it surpasses in height
by 105 feet. It was the south-eastern hill of Jerusalem. When David took it from
the Jebusites (Josh. 15:63; 2 Sam. 5:7) he built on it a citadel and a palace,
and it became "the city of
David" (1 Kings 8:1; 2 Kings 19:21, 31; 1 Chr.
11:5). In the later books of the Old Testament this name was sometimes used
(Ps. 87:2; 149:2; Isa. 33:14; Joel 2:1) to denote Jerusalem in general, and
sometimes God's chosen Israel (Ps. 51:18; 87:5). In the New Testament (see SION
T0003448) it is used sometimes to denote the
Church of God (Heb. 12:22), and
sometimes the heavenly city (Rev. 14:1).

Nebuchadnezzar

n 1: (Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC) [syn: Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar II, Nebuchadrezzar, Nebuchadrezzar II] 2: a very large wine bottle holding the equivalent of 20 normal bottles of wine; used especially for display

in the Babylonian orthography Nabu-kudur-uzur, which means "Nebo, protect the
crown!" or the "frontiers." In an inscription he styles himself "Nebo's
favourite." He was the son and successor of Nabopolassar, who delivered
Babylon
from its dependence on
Assyria and laid Nineveh in ruins. He was the greatest
and most powerful of all the Babylonian kings. He married the daughter of
Cyaxares, and thus the Median and Babylonian dynasties were united. Necho II.,
the king of
Egypt, gained a victory over the Assyrians at Carchemish. (See
JOSIAH T0002116; MEGIDDO.) This secured to
Egypt the possession of the
Syrian provinces of
Assyria, including Palestine. The remaining provinces of
the Assyrian empire were divided between
Babylonia and Media. But Nabopolassar
was ambitious of reconquering from Necho the western provinces of
Syria, and
for this purpose he sent his son with a powerful army westward (Dan. 1:1). The
Egyptians met him at
Carchemish, where a furious battle was fought, resulting
in the complete rout of the Egyptians, who were driven back (Jer. 46:2-12), and
Syria and Phoenicia brought under the sway of Babylon (B.C. 606). From that time
"the king of
Egypt came not again any more out of his land" (2 Kings 24:7).
Nebuchadnezzar also subdued the whole of
Palestine, and took Jerusalem,
carrying away captive a great multitude of the Jews, among whom were Daniel and
his companions (Dan. 1:1, 2; Jer. 27:19; 40:1). Three years after this,
Jehoiakim, who had reigned in
Jerusalem as a Babylonian vassal, rebelled
against the oppressor, trusting to help from
Egypt (2 Kings 24:1). This led
Nebuchadnezzar to march an army again to the conquest of
Jerusalem, which at
once yielded to him (B.C. 598). A third time he came against it, and deposed
Jehoiachin, whom he carried into
Babylon, with a large portion of the
population of the city, and the sacred vessels of the temple, placing Zedekiah
on the throne of
Judah in his stead. He also, heedless of the warnings of the
prophet, entered into an alliance with
Egypt, and rebelled against Babylon.
This brought about the final siege of the city, which was at length taken and
utterly destroyed (B.C. 586). Zedekiah was taken captive, and had his eyes put
out by order of the king of
Babylon, who made him a prisoner for the remainder
of his life. An onyx cameo, now in the
museum of Florence, bears on it an
arrow-headed inscription, which is certainly ancient and genuine. The helmeted
profile is said (Schrader) to be genuine also, but it is more probable that it
is the portrait of a usurper in the time of Darius (Hystaspes), called
Nidinta-Bel, who took the name of "Nebuchadrezzar." The inscription has been
thus translated:, "In honour of Merodach, his lord, Nebuchadnezzar, king of
Babylon, in his lifetime had this made." A clay tablet, now in the British
Museum, bears the following inscription, the only one as yet found which refers
to his wars: "In the thirty-seventh year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the country
of Babylon, he went to Egypt [Misr] to make war. Amasis, king of
Egypt,
collected [his army], and marched and spread abroad." Thus were fulfilled the
words of the prophet (Jer. 46:13-26; Ezek. 29:2-20). Having completed the
subjugation of Phoenicia, and inflicted chastisement on Egypt, Nebuchadnezzar
now set himself to rebuild and adorn the city of Babylon (Dan. 4:30), and to
add to the greatness and prosperity of his kingdom by constructing canals and
aqueducts and reservoirs surpassing in grandeur and magnificence everything of
the kind mentioned in history (Dan. 2:37). He is represented as a "king of
kings," ruling over a vast kingdom of many provinces, with a long list of
officers and rulers under him, "princes, governors, captains," etc. (3:2, 3,
27). He may, indeed, be said to have created the mighty empire over which he
ruled. "Modern research has shown that Nebuchadnezzar was the greatest monarch
that
Babylon, or perhaps the East generally, ever produced. He must have
possessed an enormous command of human labour, nine-tenths of
Babylon itself,
and nineteen-twentieths of all the other ruins that in almost countless
profusion cover the land, are composed of bricks stamped with his name. He
appears to have built or restored almost every city and temple in the whole
country. His inscriptions give an elaborate account of the immense works which
he constructed in and about
Babylon itself, abundantly illustrating the boast,
'Is not this great
Babylon which I have build?'" Rawlinson, Hist.
Illustrations. After the incident of the "burning fiery furnace" (Dan. 3) into
which the three Hebrew confessors were cast, Nebuchadnezzar was afflicted with
some peculiar mental aberration as a punishment for his pride and vanity,
probably the form of madness known as lycanthropy (i.e, "the change of a man
into a wolf"). A remarkable confirmation of the Scripture narrative is afforded
by the recent discovery of a bronze door-step, which bears an inscription to the
effect that it was presented by Nebuchadnezzar to the great temple at Borsippa
as a votive offering on account of his recovery from a terrible illness. (See
DANIEL.) He survived his recovery for some years, and died B.C. 562, in the
eighty-third or eighty-fourth year of his age, after a reign of forty-three
years, and was succeeded by his son Evil-merodach, who, after a reign of two
years, was succeeded by Neriglissar (559-555), who was succeeded by Nabonadius
(555-538), at the close of whose reign (less than a quarter of a century after
the death of Nebuchadnezzar) Babylon fell under Cyrus at the head of the
combined armies of Media and Persia. "I have examined," says Sir H. Rawlinson,
"the bricks belonging perhaps to a hundred different towns and cities in the
neighbourhood of
Baghdad, and I never found any other legend than that of
Nebuchadnezzar, son of Nabopolassar, king of
Babylon." Nine-tenths of all the
bricks amid the ruins of
Babylon are stamped with his name.

neo-
pref.

  1. New; recent: Neolithic.
  2.  
    1. New and different: neoimpressionism.
    2. New and abnormal: neoplasm.
  3. New World: Neotropical.

[Greek, from neos, new. See newo- in Indo-European Roots.]



Morpheus   Audio pronunciation of "morpheus" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (mrf-s, -fys)
n.

The god of dreams in Ovid's Metamorphoses.

 

trinity   Audio pronunciation of "trinity" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (trn-t) n. pl. trinities

  1. A group consisting of three closely related members. Also called triunity.
  2. Trinity Theology. In most Christian faiths, the union of three divine persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, in one God. Also called Trine.
  3. Trinity Trinity Sunday.

[Middle English trinite, from Old French, from Latin trnits, from trnus, trine. See trine.]


n 1: the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one and one [syn: three, {3}, III, trio, threesome, tierce, leash, troika, triad, trine, ternary, ternion, triplet, tercet, terzetto, trey, deuce-ace] 2: the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead [syn: Trinity, Holy Trinity, Blessed Trinity, Sacred Trinity] 3: three people considered as a unit [syn: trio, threesome, triad]

 

cipher also cypher   Audio pronunciation of "cypher" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (sfr) n.

  1. The mathematical symbol (0) denoting absence of quantity; zero.
  2. An Arabic numeral or figure; a number.
  3. One having no influence or value; a nonentity.
  4.  
    1. A cryptographic system in which units of plain text of regular length, usually letters, are arbitrarily transposed or substituted according to a predetermined code.
    2. The key to such a system.
    3. A message written or transmitted in such a system.
  5. A design combining or interweaving letters or initials; a monogram.

oracle   Audio pronunciation of "Oracle" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (r-kl, r-) n.

    1. A shrine consecrated to the worship and consultation of a prophetic deity, as that of Apollo at Delphi.
    2. A person, such as a priestess, through whom a deity is held to respond when consulted.
    3. The response given through such a medium, often in the form of an enigmatic statement or allegory.
  1.  
    1. A person considered to be a source of wise counsel or prophetic opinions.
    2. An authoritative or wise statement or prediction.
  2. A command or revelation from God.
  3. In the Bible, the sanctuary of the Temple.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin rculum, from rre, to speak.]

 

n 1: an authoritative person who divines the future [syn: prophet, seer, vaticinator] 2: a prophecy (usually obscure or allegorical) revealed by a priest or priestess; believed to be infallible 3: a shrine where an oracular god is consulted

Oracle

In the Old Testament used in every case, except 2 Sam. 16:23, to denote the most
holy place in the temple (1 Kings 6:5, 19-23; 8:6). In 2 Sam.
16:23 it means the
Word of God. A man inquired "at the oracle of God" by means of the Urim and
Thummim in the breastplate on the high priest's ephod. In the New Testament it
is used only in the plural, and always denotes the Word of God (Rom. 3:2; Heb.
5:12, etc.). The Scriptures are called "living oracles" (comp. Heb. 4:12)
because of their quickening power (Acts
7:38).

Messiah   Audio pronunciation of "Messiah" ( P )  Pronunciation Key  (m-s) n.

  1. also Messias (m-ss) The anticipated savior of the Jews.
  2. also Messias Christianity. Jesus.
  3. messiah One who is anticipated as, regarded as, or professes to be a savior or liberator.

[Middle English Messias, Messie, from Old French Messie, from Late Latin Messs, from Greek, from Aramaic mi, the anointed one (from ma, to anoint), or Hebrew ma, anointed (from ma, to anoint); see m in Semitic Roots.]


n 1: any expected deliverer [syn: christ] 2: Jesus Christ; considered by Christians to be the promised deliverer [syn: Messiah] 3: the awaited king of the Jews; the promised and expected deliverer of the Jewish people [syn: Messiah]

(Heb. mashiah), in all the thirty-nine instances of its occurring in the Old
Testament, is rendered by the LXX. "Christos." It means anointed. Thus priests
(Ex. 28:41; 40:15; Num. 3:3), prophets (1 Kings
19:16), and kings (1 Sam. 9:16;
16:3; 2 Sam. 12:7) were anointed with oil, and so consecrated to their
respective offices. The great Messiah is anointed "above his fellows" (Ps.
45:7); i.e., he embraces in himself all the three offices. The Greek form
"Messias" is only twice used in the New Testament, in John
1:41 and 4:25 (R.V.,
"Messiah"), and in the Old Testament the word Messiah, as the rendering of the
Hebrew, occurs only twice (Dan
9:25, 26; R.V., "the anointed one"). The first
great promise (Gen. 3:15) contains in it the germ of all the prophecies
recorded in the Old Testament regarding the coming of the Messiah and the great
work he was to accomplish on earth. The prophecies became more definite and
fuller as the ages rolled on; the light shone more and more unto the perfect
day. Different periods of prophetic revelation have been pointed out, (1) the
patriarchal; (2) the Mosaic; (3) the period of David; (4) the period of
prophetism, i.e., of those prophets whose works form a part of the Old
Testament canon. The expectations of the Jews were thus kept alive from
generation to generation, till the "fulness of the times," when Messiah came,
"made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law."
In him all these ancient prophecies have their fulfilment. Jesus of Nazareth is
the Messiah, the great Deliverer who was to come. (Comp. Matt. 26:54; Mark 9:12;
Luke
18:31; 22:37; John 5:39; Acts 2; 16:31; 26:22, 23.)

Messiah, anointed