Ms. Gokturk                                                                            Name: ___________________________

Mythology

“Little Red Riding Hood” Critical Analysis

Critical Theory Types.  There are many ways of reading any work of literature.  The two below work well with “Little Red Riding Hood.”

 

Freudian Interpretation:  This theoretical approach looks for the id (primal urges), the superego (the part of the mind trying to repress the id), and the ego (what emerges from the struggle – how the individual lives in the world): how are they presented and developed in a story? Freudian readings tend to focus on sexual motivation and imagery, looking for yonic and phallic images.

 

Feminist Reading: A feminist reading highlights a female’s position in a patriarchal society.  How is the female oppressed, hindered, or prevented from having equal freedoms as the males? Also, how does a female character cope or emerge?  Is she able to identify as strong or does she defer to a dominating male? A feminist reading would also focus on power relations, patterns of thought, behavior and values.

 

As we read through the versions of “Little Red Riding Hood,” jot down notes that might help you ‘see’ the story through one or both of the lenses. Consider how the characters are portrayed and look for symbols—what stays the same, what changes?

 

First Version:  Little Golden Book “Little Red Riding Hood” video

Freudian.  Look for elements of the id, superego, ego, and yonic and/or phallic imagery.

 

 

 

Feminist: how is the male-female dynamic established? What relationships do you see?

 

 

 

 

What questions does this version raise for you?

 

 

 

Second Version: Grimm Brothers’ “Little Red Cap”

Freudian.  Look for elements of the id, superego, ego, and yonic and/or phallic imagery.

 

 

 

Feminist: how is the male-female dynamic established? What relationships do you see?

 

 

 

 

What questions does this version raise for you?

 

 

Third Version: Charles Perrault’s “Little Red Riding Hood”

Freudian.  Look for elements of the id, superego, ego, and yonic and/or phallic imagery.

 

 

 

Feminist: how is the male-female dynamic established? What relationships do you see?

 

 

 

 

What questions does this version raise for you?

 

 

 

 

Fourth Version: 14th Century “The False Grandmother”

Freudian.  Look for elements of the id, superego, ego, and yonic and/or phallic imagery.

 

 

 

 

Feminist: how is the male-female dynamic established? What relationships do you see?

 

 

 

 

What questions does this version raise for you?

 

 

 

PAIR SHARE: Discuss with your partner/s your observations. Considering all the stories together, and what the critical theories highlighted, what do you think this story is really about? Explain.