Ms. Gokturk



The Trojan Women Essay


Your Task:

Write a critical essay in which you discuss The Trojan Women from the particular perspective of the statement that is provided for you in the Critical Lens. In your essay, provide a valid interpretation of the statement, agree or disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it, and support your opinion using specific references to appropriate literary elements and text based evidence from the work.


Critical Lens (CHOOSE ONE):  Choose one option and write a well-developed literary analysis essay in which you use text based evidence to support your position.


1.      "It is not what an author says, but what he or she whispers , that is important." --Logan Pearsall Smith


2.      "It is the responsibility of the writer to expose our many grievous faults and failures and to hold up to the light our dark and dangerous dreams, for the purpose of improvement." --John Steinbeck


3.      "All conflict in literature is, in its simplest form, a struggle between good and evil."


4.      Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them humanity cannot survive.” -- Dalai Lama

  1. “For what does it mean to be a hero? It requires you to be prepared to deal with forces larger than yourself.” —Norman Mailer The Spooky Art, 2003


  1. “To gain that which is worth having, it may be necessary to lose everything else.” —Bernadette Devlin The Price of My Soul, 1969


  1. “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.”—Martin Luther King, Jr. Strength to Love, 1963


  1. War does not determine who is right - only who is left.” -- Bertrand Russell

  2. … although the world is full of suffering, it is full of overcoming it.” –Helen Keller, Optimism, 1903


10.  "In a dark time, the eye begins to see..." Theodore Roethke


11.  "All literature is protest. You can't name a single literary work that isn't protest." --Richard Wright


  1. Select a quote from the play to use as a lens to analyze the play.



Be sure to

• Provide a valid interpretation of the critical lens that clearly establishes the criteria for


• Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it as it applies to the work you read. THIS IS YOUR THESIS STATEMENT.  You need to prove this in your essay.

• Use the criteria suggested by the critical lens to analyze your outside reading

• Avoid plot summary. Instead, use specific references to appropriate literary elements

(for example: theme, characterization, setting, point of view) to develop your analysis.  Use direct quotes and specific paraphrasing to support your position

• Organize your ideas in a unified and coherent manner

• Specify the title and author of the work

• Follow the conventions of standard written English



Copy the lens on top of the page.  On the next line, compose a sentence that rewords or interprets the lens.  So not repeat words or use 1st person (I think). Agree or Disagree: Do not use 1st person; rather, use a transition such as: “this applies to,” “This can be seen” or “This is not the case with. Transition/information sentence.  Combine with #2 to present authors, genre (Greek tragedy, novel, memoir), and titles (underlined) of the two works being interpreted in the essay.

BODY PARAGRAPHS: Literary elements

Please underline each term you use.

Setting, Conflict, Characterization, Structure, Theme/s, Greek Theater Terms, Etc.

                Discuss HOW the thesis is supported;  discuss HOW the author uses the literary element          

                                                                                                                                 Use 3 or more examples from the text that support your opinion. Develop your examples; provide specific details.  Specific is key.

                Use transitions between each example.       Make sure that the last sentence in your body paragraph sums up your points.


DO! DO! List 


NO! NO! List!