Guidelines for the Research Paper
From: A Statement on Plagiarism
PLAGIARISM! Using someone else's ideas or phrasing and representing those ideas or phrasing as our own, either on purpose or through carelessness, is a serious offense known as plagiarism. "Ideas or phrasing" includes written or spoken material, of course from whole papers and paragraphs to sentences, and, indeed, phrases but it also includes statistics, lab results, art work, etc. "Someone else" can mean a professional source, such as a published writer or critic in a book, magazine, encyclopedia, or journal; an electronic resource such as material we discover on the World Wide Web; another student at our school or anywhere else; a paper-writing "service" (online or otherwise) which offers to sell written papers for a fee.
Let us suppose, for example, that we're doing a paper for Music Appreciation on the child prodigy years of the composer and pianist Franz Liszt and that we've read about the development of the young artist in several sources. In Alan Walker's book Franz Liszt: The Virtuoso Years (Ithaca: 1983), we read that Liszt's father encouraged him, at age six, to play the piano from memory, to sight-read music and, above all, to improvise. We can report in our paper (and in our own words) that Liszt was probably the most gifted of the child prodigies making their mark in Europe in the mid-nineteenth century because that is the kind of information we could have gotten from a number of sources; it has become what we call common knowledge.
However, if we report on the
boy's father's role in the prodigy's development, we should give proper credit
to Alan Walker. We could write, for instance, the following: Franz Liszt's
father encouraged him, as early as age six, to practice skills which later
served him as an internationally recognized prodigy (Walker 59). Or, we
could write something like this: Alan Walker notes that, under the tutelage
of his father, Franz Liszt began work in earnest on his piano playing at the
age of six (59). Not to give
QUOTATIONS and PARANTHETHICAL CITATIONS
You must quote your sources AS WELL AS CITE PARANTHETICALLY.
Quotations that constitute fewer than five lines in your paper should be set off with quotation marks [ ] and be incorporated within the normal flow of your text. For material exceeding that length, omit the quotation marks and indent the quoted language one inch from your left-hand margin. If an indented quotation is taken entirely from one paragraph, the first line should be even with all the other lines in that quotation; however, if an indented quotation comes from two or more paragraphs, indent the first line of each paragraph an additional one-quarter inch.
If quotation marks appear within the text of a quotation that already has the usual double-quote marks [ ] around it (a quote-within-a-quote), set off that inner quotation with single-quote marks [ ] . Such a quote-within-a-quote within an indented quotation is marked with double-quote marks.
The first two lines of this stanza, "My little horse must think it queer / To stop without a farmhouse near," remind us of a nursery rhyme.
(Note, also, the slash mark / (with a space on either side) to denote the poem's line-break.) But observe the placement of this semicolon:
There is a hint of the nursery rhyme in the line "My little horse must think it queer"; however, the poem then quickly turns darkly serious.
Pay close attention to the placement of commas and periods in the use of citations.
Documentation will take two forms in your final paper:
· In the Works Cited section, where all the sources you've used should be listed alphabetically, and
· Within the text of your paper, where parentheses should show your readers where you found each piece of information that you have used. These textual citations allow the reader to refer to your Works Cited page(s) for further information.